Vegan women should take riboflavin (vitamin B2) supplements during pregnancy to prevent neonatal multiple-acyl-CoA-Dehydrogenase deficiency, a lethal metabolic disease, according to a new case study. [Source: nutraingredients.com]
A rare inborn error of metabolism, multiple-acyl-CoA-Dehydrogenase deficiency affects fatty acid, amino acid, and choline metabolism. Its clinical manifestation can range from severe neonatal forms to mild late onset forms. The disorder is passed on during pregnancy by mothers who are carriers of a riboflavin (vitamin B2) transporter deficiency. As this latest study describes, however, symptoms resembling the condition can also apparently result from riboflavin deficiency during pregnancy. In addition to high-dose riboflavin supplementation, treatment can include supplementation of carnitine and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10).
Riboflavin is only one of many micronutrients that require a proper intake during pregnancy, however. Vitamins, minerals, amino acids, fatty acids, and other types of micronutrients are all essential for a healthy baby and delivery, and for preventing pregnancy complications.
Ensuring a sufficient intake of vitamin C is particularly important as its many key roles in the body include antioxidant protection, hormone production, immune system support, bone formation, and maintaining the integrity of the blood vessels. Combined with green tea extract and the amino acids lysine and proline, vitamin C can also help reduce the risk of premature delivery. Research by scientists at the Dr. Rath Research Institute has shown that this particular combination of micronutrients can help optimize the contraction of the smooth muscle cells in the uterus.
Some pregnant women are susceptible to pregnancy-induced hypertension (high blood pressure), a problem which can be difficult to control and may result in a serious condition known as eclampsia. In combination with arginine, magnesium and other micronutrients, a proper intake of vitamin C helps to increase the elasticity of the blood vessels and maintain normal blood pressure.