A new systematic review states that supplementation with hesperidin, a flavonoid commonly found in oranges, significantly reduced cardiovascular disease risk factors including levels of serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure.
Natural extracts from fruit, vegetables, and plants have a wide range of health benefits. Resveratrol, for example, a substance present in high concentrations in grapes, red wine, and purple grape juice, has potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions and is proven to have anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, and anti-hypertensive properties.
Quercetin, contained in fruits and vegetables such as apples, berries, and onions, also has strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as anti-allergic actions. Important for helping maintain strong blood vessels and reducing the risk of blood clots, it aids the proper absorption of vitamin C and prevents its destruction in the body.
Curcumin, the most abundant natural phenol present in turmeric, the Indian curry spice, is used in Ayurvedic medicine for skin, respiratory, and gastrointestinal ailments, liver disorders, muscle sprains, joint pains, and wound healing. In the past few decades, it has been studied to evaluate its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immune modulation properties. Research shows it can reduce plaque formation in the arteries, help maintain healthy cholesterol levels, and reverse insulin resistance in the early stages of diabetes.
Other such substances whose health benefits have been extensively researched include the green tea extract epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), and extracts from cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, chard, kale, mustard greens, and turnips.
To access scientific studies on the health benefits of extracts from fruit, vegetables, and plants, see the special phytobiologicals feature page on our website.